Click any of the following links below to learn more about the history and effects of stereotyping, as well as bias, discrimination, and racism in healthcare:
Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care is a report released by the Institute of Medicine in 2002 to assess the extent of disparities in the types and quality of health services received by U.S. racial and ethnic minorities and non-minorities; explore factors that may contribute to inequities in care; and recommend policies and practices to eliminate these inequities. The link provides excerpts from the report that available for free viewing and also how to purchase the book in its entirety.
The Help Understand Why Initiative was undertaken by the Henry J Kaiser Family Foundation and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Here, you can find reviews of the evidence regarding racial/ethnic differences in cardiac care, and various other materials, reviews, and updates.
The Commonwealth Fund is a private foundation that aims to promote a high performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for society's most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. Here is their page on healthcare disparities, which includes a number of multimedia, news releases, and resources on the topic.